Thanks to our initial research findings, we now understand more about the how unsustainable harvesting is structured, who is involved, and what their socio-economic motivations are. While it was alarming to discover how active the trade still is, and how many birds are removed from the wild, we were glad to discover almost no mixing with other illicit trades, and to find that many involved have a deep love for the Red Siskin. Now it is time to  develop effective strategies to mitigate this overharvest threat, to present attractive alternatives to the key actors involved, and to work with them to join efforts and save the Red Siskin.
We remain open to all reasonable alternatives, including education to reduce the demand for wild birds, promotion of best avicultural practices, and possibly sustainable captive production to meet demand, paired with closed-banding certification of non-wild origin, in order to  decrease the harvesting threat to wild populations.


Thanks to funding from the Neotropical Bird Club (NBC) and Mr. James Sillers, we completed important research to understand the actors involved in unsustainable harvesting, their interactions, and their socio-economic motivations and commercial mechanisms.